Kermanshah province (Persian: استان کرمانشاه, [Kermānshāh]) is located in a mountainous region and Zagros Mountain range. The climate in the eastern part is temperate and in the western areas is hot and semi-dry, since the land is near the plain of Mesopotamia.
It is a perfect location for nomads as it contains rich grassland and there is plentiful rain and snowfall. From the earliest times, there have been two common lifestyles in the area. The first is migrating nomad life based on husbandry and the second is the country life based on agriculture. Economy in this area is based on three activities: husbandry, agriculture and industry.
Common handicrafts of the province include carpets, rugs, druggets, coarse blankets, etc. People in this province are Kurds, Laks, and Āzarī, they all have their own languages. According to historical evidence and stone inscriptions, especially the famous stone tablet called Ānobānīnī in Sar-e Pol-e Zahāb, civilization in this province dates back to 1600 BC.
The complex of Tāgh-e Bostān is situated in the northeast of Kermānshāh. This is an ancient monument consisting of carved stones and stone tablets dating back to the Sassanid dynasty (224-651). With a view of mountains, springs and flowing water, this place is a perfect resort for visitors. This area used to be a sports park for Sassanid rulers.
In the heart of Bīstūn Mountains, an inscription has been carved by the order of King Darius of the Achaemenid dynasty (550-330 BC) in three different languages, Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian. The inscription dates back to 522 BC. The inscription tells the story of two and a half years of Darius’ struggles for ascending to throne. The inscription is one of the most valuable historical remains from ancient times.